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Evan Hoffman Photo

Dr. Evan Hoffman

Senior Associate

Dr. Evan Hoffman is a Senior Associate at the Canadian International Institute of Applied Negotiation (CIIAN).

Dr. Hoffman holds a PhD in Political Science from the University of Canterbury (New Zealand). His doctoral research focused on the question of why mediation sometimes produces a durable peace and this research culminated in the creation of a new model for durable peace. Dr. Hoffman also completed a Master's degree in Post-war Recovery Studies at the University of York, UK in 2001 and an undergraduate degree in psychology at Carleton University, Ottawa in 1999. In 2001 he earned a Certificate in Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) from CIIAN.

Dr. Hoffman was one of the first people at the Post-war Reconstruction and Development Unit (PRDU) at the University of York to study trauma created by violent conflict and the methods of individual and community trauma healing in a post-war context. His initial examination of the subject began on a field study in Sri Lanka. His research then took him to Bosnia for field study and data collection. The results of this research are documented in his Master's thesis entitled "Creating the Space to Heal: Principles of War-Induced Trauma-Recovery, with Case Studies in Bosnia-Herzegovina".

Dr. Hoffman was then an intern with the Delegation of the European Commission (EC) in the Republic of Sudan. The focus of the internship was on the EC-funded Sudan Landmine Information and Response Initiative (SLIRI) - a landmine marking and removal project. During this time he had the unique opportunity to work with Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Rae McGrath. Additionally, during this same period he assisted the Carter Center in the design and delivery of a week-long peacebuilding training workshop which was held in Nairobi for members of the Governments of Sudan (GOS) and Uganda (GOU) and the Sudanese People's Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M) as part of the efforts to implement the Nairobi Agreement.

From 2004-2009 Dr. Hoffman was an 'Analyst and Policy Advisor' for CIIAN's International Peace and Prosperity Project (IPPP) in Guinea-Bissau. The IPPP was a political violence prevention project testing the application of lessons learned and best practices to develop a model for fragile, failing, and failed states.

Dr. Hoffman has published numerous articles on the themes of conflict prevention and resolution, peacebuilding, and mediation and he has provided consulting services to the Carter Center, the UN, the EU, the Ottawa Police Service, St. Lawrence College (Cornwall), the Vietnamese Ministry of Justice, and others on these topics.

David Lord Photo

Mr. David Lord

Senior Associate

David Lord is an independent consultant specializing in peace, security and governance issues.

He is the former Executive Director of Peacebuild – The Canadian Peacebuilding Network (2002-2012). Immediately prior to joining Peacebuild, he was the field representative in Uganda and Sudan for the Carter Center’s conflict resolution program.

Previous experience includes co-founding and co-directing UK-based Conciliation Resources from 1994-1999 and directing the research team at International Alert, also in the UK. From 1987 to 1991 he was an associate of the Parliamentary Centre in Ottawa and acted as advisor to the Standing Committee on National Defence and Veterans Affairs in the Canadian House of Commons, advisor to the Canadian NATO Parliamentary Association, and editor of Parliamentary Government, a quarterly journal produced by the Centre.

He has also worked as a journalist for The Montreal Gazette, the Canadian Press news agency, MacLeans magazine and The Montreal Star.

He holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from Sir George Williams University (Concordia) and a Diploma in Journalism from the University of Western Ontario.

Mr. Jeffrey Mapendere

Senior Associate

Mr. Jeffrey Mapendere is a conflict analyst with extensive expertise in security and rebel groups analysis. As a conflict resolution practitioner, Mr. Mapendere has conducted high-level political analysis and worked on a variety of projects in Mozambique, Zambia, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Uganda, Kenya, Sudan, Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau, East Timor, Jamaica, and Guyana. Mr. Mapendere also designs electoral dispute resolution systems for a variety of electoral environments and is a mediator.

Most recently, Jeff has held posts as a Senior Adviser – Security Arrangements for the United Nations Mediation Standby Team and as a Field Office Director for the Carter Center's Election Observation Mission in Sudan.

Mr. Mapendere has an MA in conflict analysis and management from Royal Roads University in Canada. He also earned a graduate certificate in conflict resolution, a BA in Psychology, and a BA in Psychology and Criminal Justice, all from Carleton University in Ontario, Canada.

Sylvia McMechan Photo

Ms. Sylvia McMechan

Senior Associate

Sylvia McMechan began as a pioneer in the Canadian conflict resolution field in 1990, when she became the first program officer for the Fund for Dispute Resolution in Ontario. Two years later she assumed the role of director of Canada’s Network for Conflict Resolution, which she continued until accepting a position as core professor in the peace and conflict studies at Royal Roads University in Victoria, BC. For the past decade, Sylvia has been in private practice as a mediator and facilitator of collaborative processes, with a focus on multi-party engagements that frequently involve natural resource disputes and include government agencies, aboriginal communities, and corporate interests.

Sylvia holds a bachelor degree in environment and resource studies, a master’s degree in conflict resolution and is now studying in a doctoral program, focusing on public policy and social change. She also teaches graduate courses on mediation, consensus-building, and negotiation.

Renee Gendron Photo

Ms. Renée Gendron



Renée Gendron earned a certificate in Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) from the Canadian International Institute of Applied Negotiation (CIIAN) in August 2009 as well as a Basic Leadership Certificate in 2008. Presently, she is a doctoral candidate the University of Utrecht. Her research involves the creation of a new conflict and grievance analysis model that is being applied to the conflicts in Chechnya and the North Caucasus.

Renée is a facilitator and coach for CIIAN's conflict resolution training program, and she was the Dialogues Project Coordinator; an innovative joint peacebuilding project between CIIAN and other organizations which combined theatre and conflict resolution in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

Renée has conducted specialised research for many institutions, including CIIAN (mediation and conflict), the International Peace Institute (Azerbaijan and Georgia) and the Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (social inclusion and empowerment).

Renée has published in academic journals as well as presented at conferences on communication, conflict and conflict resolution, mediation, the Caucasus as well as deviant organisational processes.

Ms. Senzeni Mapendere



Senzeni Mapendere holds a Masters of Arts in Leadership and Training from Royal Roads University in Victoria, Canada. 

She has facilitated Leadership training workshops in the USA and in Canada.  Senzeni ‘s training expertise is also drawn from twenty years of Foreign Service experience  in Africa, Asia,  Australia, Eastern Europe and North America.

Julia Menard Photo

Ms. Julia Menard



Julia Menard got her start in the conflict resolution field in 1993, trained as a volunteer mediator helping neighbours resolve disputes referred by bylaw officers and the police.  A few years later, she started mediating civil court claims for cases under $7000.  Soon after, she become the Co-Director of Alberta's first adult criminal court diversion program - using victim-offender mediation.

A graduate of the Justice Institute's Centre for Conflict Resolution, Julia holds Certificates in Negotiation & Mediation, Human Resource Management, Cross-Cultural Education, a post-graduate Certificate in Teaching English as a Second Language, and an undergraduate degree in English Literature.  She also has her professional coaching designation through the International Coaching Federation. 

Her clients have included Royal Roads University, the Edmonton Volunteer Centre, Camosun College, and she's coached and mediated extensively for the Hospital Authority on Vancouver Island.  Julia's also been on the teaching team at the Centre for Conflict Resolution at the Justice Institute since 1998. 

She is a published author and has her own e-course entitled Making Tough Conversations Great as well as a free monthly e-zine - all available at: www.juliamenard.com

Sara Skinner Photo

Ms. Sara Skinner



Sara Skinner holds a Masters degree in Conflict Analysis and Management, specializing in Ethnic and Political Conflicts, from Royal Roads University.

Previously Sara completed a BA in Political Science with International Relations and Development as the core of her studies; she has also participated in various trainings including Multi-Party/ Advanced Negotiations and Mediation through CIIAN.

Sara has partnered with small international organizations in both Croatia and Guatemala to provide skills workshops on Conflict Resolution and Effective Communication; and has been consulting with NGO’s in both Africa and Europe on conflict resolution related content within their programs.

Sara has most recently been working with the United Nations Mission in Sudan as an Advisor for the Southern Sudan Referendum Process and supporting elections in the transitional areas of Sudan.